Fiber & Dye with Natives

Recommended California Native Plants

Abies breweri - baskets
Acer macrophyllum - cordage, baskets - inner bark fibers, stems
Adiantum aleuticum - overlay materials - black stalks
Agave deserti - cordage - leaf fibers
Alnus rhombifolia - baskets, dye - inner bark
Alnus rubra - baskets
Apocynum cannabinum - cordage - stem fibers
Artemisia tridentata - cordage - outer bark fibers
Asclepias eriocarpa, A. fascicularis - cordage - stem fibers
Berberis species - dyes - roots
Carex barbarae, nebrascensis, obnupta, utriculata, vesicaria - baskets - rhizomes
Ceanothus integerrimus - baskets
Cercis occidentalis - baskets - stems, bark
Chlorogalum pomeridianum - cordage - bulb coating?
Cladium californicum - baskets - rhizomes
Corylus cornuta - baskets - stems
Dalea emoryi - dyes
Equisetum hyemale - baskets - rhizomes
Fremontodendron californicum - cordage - inner bark fibers
Iris macrosiphon, I. douglasiana, I. fernaldii, I. missouriensis - cordage - leaf fibers
Juglans californica - dye
Juncus acutus, balticus, textilis, effusus, lesueurii - baskets - stems
Juniperus occidentalis - baskets - roots
Muhlenbergia rigens - baskets - flowering stalks
Nuphar lutea ssp. polysepala - dye
Picea sitchensis - baskets - roots
Pinus jeffreyi, P. lambertiana, P. ponderosa, P. sabiniana - baskets - roots
Pinus species - baskets - needles (modern usage)
Populus balsamifera var. trichocarpa - baskets
Pseudotsuga menziesii - baskets - roots
Pteridium aquilinum - baskets, dye - rhizomes
Purshia tridentata var. glandulosa - cordage - outer bark fibers
Rhus trilobata - baskets - stem fibers
Salix coulteri, lasiolepsis - baskets - stems
Salix exigua, laevigata - baskets - roots, shoots, branches
Salix gooddingii - cordage - inner bark fibers
Salix lucida, lutea
Sambucus mexicana - dyes
Scirpus acutus - baskets, cordage, dye - whole stems
Scirpus americanus, californicus - baskets - rhizomes
Sequoia sempervirens - cordage, baskets - inner bark fibers, roots
Smilax californica - baskets - roots
Suaeda species - dyes
Typha latifolia, T. angustifolia, T. domingensis - baskets, cordage - leaves
Urtica dioica var. holosericea cordage stem fibers
Vitis californica - baskets - roots
Washingtonia filifera - baskets - leaves
Woodwardia fimbriata - overlay material - leaves
Xerophyllum tenax - overlay material - leaves
Yucca brevifolia, schidigera - baskets - roots
Yucca whipplei - cordage - leaf fibers
Yucca species - baskets - roots
Note: In all, 13 species of Salix are used in basketry.